Heart Disease is the mother of all diseases. It is as deadly as it is rampant. In medical terms, more commonly known as cardiovascular disease, it is a generic title used to identify all heart-related disorders. Targeting practically all age groups, no one is truly exempt from this monstrosity. Daily stress levels, anxiety, obesity, smoking, inactiveness and high blood pressure add to the causes of this sickness. Quite often, genetics also play a vital role in the transference of these disorders.
There are numerous types of cardiovascular diseases, and it is important to be able to identify them before working towards preventing them. Some common types of heart related ailments are;
- Congenital heart diseases – This term refers to numerous heart valve and blood vessel defects that develop in a person even before they are born.
- Stroke – Caused when the blood supply to the brain is interrupted, a stroke is possibly fatal if not treated in time.
- Arrhythmia – Fluttering of the heart due to an irregular rhythm of heartbeats, it is treatable by a medical professional.
- Cardiac arrest – An unexpected and sudden unconsciousness due to the loss of heart function. Confused with the more commonly known heart attack, this is more of an electrical hitch while the latter is a circulatory one.
- High blood pressure – When the force of the blood against the walls of the artery is too high, this extremely common disease occurs. Keeping it in control with regular check-ups is possible.
One can’t be too sure of how to prevent these conditions, but with a list of relevant precautionary measures taken at home, one can fight further aggravation, arrive at a quick diagnosis or plain avoid its occurrence altogether.
1. Regular Check-ups
A general medical check-up list should include monitoring of height, weight, blood pressure, cholesterol and ear, nose and throat checks. If diagnosed in time, many illnesses can be treated. With new discoveries and inventions being introduced every day, the medical industry is booming. Health centres, general practitioners, blood banks and hospitals are across every corner and easily accessible. If a full physical is conducted once every year until the age of 35 and then every six months after, problems can be diagnosed and consequently treated. Home remedies only work remotely and in specific cases. Symptoms like prolonged blood clots, nausea, shortness of breath and acid reflux are often taken lightly. You know your body, and if something is not feeling right, it usually isn’t. Blood pressure, cholesterol and diabetes must be screened and treated by a medical practitioner.
2. Maintain a Healthy Weight
Limiting saturated fats and keeping sodium levels low can aid in effective weight management. Consuming foods that are high in sugar, fat and cholesterol can further increase heart-related risks. A combination of the right amount of sleep, exercise and dietary intake can help in preventing and controlling minor defects. Even a fraction of excess weight loss can help in leaps and bounds. Usually, men are considered overweight if their waist measures more than 40 inches while in women it is 35 inches. Small lifestyle changes like walking more and meditating regularly have also proven to be highly successful in achieving the desired results.
3. Anger Management
Anger is directly proportional to stress which is in turn directly proportional to cardiovascular defects. Even though everyone has certain levels of stress and intermittent bouts of anger, it is worrisome if frequent. There are anger management programs for those who find it difficult to control it on their own. For the rest, it is fairly simple. Knowing and acknowledging that you have a problem is half the problem solved. Working towards improving it, is the other half!
4. Keep that Sugar on the Down Low
Diabetes is highly damaging if not kept in check. Many do not even know if they have diabetes. Firstly, everyone should get health screenings and diagnose the issue hands on. It increases the risk of heart diseases due to the high sugar levels which can cause serious damage to the blood vessels and nerves. With the right dietary intake, regular exercise and correct medical advice, this is easy to keep in control.
5. Sleep Schedules
Few lucky people can fall into a deep slumber as soon as they hit the bed. For the rest, it is important to create and stick to a schedule. Anywhere between 7-8 hours every night is considered good sleep. Adopting good habits like not using electronic devices for at least thirty minutes before you go to bed, listening to white noise and meditating are extremely effective. If the sleep patterns are problematic for a long time, a medical consult is advised.
Sleep apnea is a common condition found in many people. It causes shortness or all together stoppage of breath numerous times during sleep. Since it affects breathing patterns, it raises your risk of heart diseases. Maintaining a chart of your sleep schedules to document sleep patterns is an effective way of monitoring your sleep. With the right consult and medication, this is easily treatable.
Some heart conditions are extreme and can only be dealt with surgical methods. However, by overcoming minor inconveniences, one can learn to live with treatable heart diseases and increase life longevity. Make that change today!