In the realm of finance, derivatives are essential because they allow investors to speculatively predict future price fluctuations of underlying assets. Stock derivatives and index derivatives are two common categories of derivatives available with any stock broker in India. We shall examine the differences and distinctive characteristics of stock derivatives and index derivatives in this post.
The most popular type of capital market security is stocks, sometimes referred to as equity. In proportion to the number of shares purchased, the stockholder, also known as the stock owner, receives a percentage of ownership in the issuing firm. As the name implies, stock derivatives are produced from specific stocks or securities. There are both future and options stocks. They are backed by an underlying stock that serves as the basis for an agreement between two parties to purchase or sell it at a given price on or before a given date. Options and futures contracts are two examples of stock derivatives.
An index derivative uses an underlying asset as the index itself. As a result, the investor is able to trade in the class of assets that the index reflects without having to purchase each underlying security or asset in the class or market. Futures and options for the Nifty Futures and options for the Nifty Midcap 50 index are two common examples of index derivatives.
The following are the two common categories of index derivatives
Index options: Index options work similarly to stock options, except they depend on the performance of an index rather than a specific stock as their underlying asset. Investors who do not directly hold all the component stocks of an index can nonetheless acquire exposure to a wide market or a particular industry by using index options. They offer a practical approach to make predictions about the market’s overall direction or protect oneself against market downturns.
Index futures: Most index derivatives are future contracts with a market index as the underlying asset. In an index future, the contract’s buyer must project the index’s price into the future and then determine whether to sell the asset at that price on the designated future date.
Difference Between Stock And Index Derivatives
The future and options stocks are different from index derivatives based on various factors as mentioned below.
Underlying Assets: The underlying assets that stock and index derivatives reflect are a key distinction between the two types of derivatives. Due to their ties to specific stocks, stock derivatives are immediately impacted by the performance and volatility of the underlying security. In contrast, the value of index derivatives is based on the cumulative performance of the group of companies that comprise the index. Because of this basic difference, index derivatives are more diversified and less prone to changes in a single stock’s price.
Liquidity & Trading Volume: The degree of liquidity and trade volume are two more differences. Since stock derivatives are based on regularly traded individual equities, they frequently have higher liquidity and trading activity. Popular stocks frequently have a wide choice of options and futures contracts available, giving investors plenty of ways to enter and exit holdings. Index derivatives, in contrast, could have less liquidity, particularly for less well-liked indexes or certain expiration dates.
Risk Exposure: The two forms of derivatives also differ in their risk exposure. Stock derivatives include the risk connected to a single company, such as news, financial results, and management choices. Index derivatives, on the other hand, are impacted by general market trends, economic indicators, and sector-specific variables. Because of the focus on a single firm, stock derivatives may have bigger potential gains but also higher risk.
Stock Derivatives vs Index Derivatives
Let’s summarise the differences between stock and index derivatives in a tabular form.
|Stocks. Eg. ITC, ashok leyland, TCS.
|Indices. Eg. Nifty 50, Bank Nifty.
|Monthly and weekly expiry
|Cash settlement Period
|Completed on T+ 1 Basis
|Completed on a T+1 Basis
|Physical settlement Facility
|Available after informing the broker in advance before the expiry
|Facility not available
The functions and target markets for stock derivatives and index derivatives differ from each other. The particular stocks that are the focus of stock derivatives provide numerous possibilities for speculation, hedging, and revenue generation. Contrarily, index futures offer exposure to more diverse market performance, enabling traders to diversify their investment portfolios and control market or sector-specific risk. Investors must be aware of the distinctions between these derivatives in order to customise their investing strategies and make educated judgments.
So, both instruments have their own share of characteristics and benefits. You can invest in both types of derivatives on a good trading platform like Kotak Securities. You get both demat & trading app. The platform offers facilities to trade all types of derivatives conveniently with a single trading account.